Was reading through Jack London’s White Fang the other day. There is a scene where an older dog named Baseek tries to take the moose meat of a young and vibrant wolfdog, for whom the eponymous novel is named, and gets more than he was asking for. London writes: “Baseek [the older dog] was surprised by the other’s [White Fang’s] temerity and swiftness of attack.” I chose to explain the word using inverted circumstances. In other words, in a situation where the fearlessness and excessive confidence that encapsulate the word’s meaning hurts, rather than helps, the actor acting with temerity. Enter the monkey. Enter the crocodile. The rest is history. Well, at least for the monkey. https://davidoboyles.com/temerity/.